Baseball Practices Should Be Shorter
According to a study published by the Sports & Fitness Industry Association and the Aspen Institute (SFIA), athletic participation for kids ages 6 through 12 is down almost 8 percent over the last decade. According to SFIA and Aspen data, low-income households with kids are half as likely to play one day’s worth of team sports than kids that are brought up in households with earnings of at least $100,000. For baseball, there was some good news before the Covid-19 pandemic hit when from a study the sport showed growth in both casual and core participation according to the CEO of SFIA Tom Cove. Does this mean baseball is now on a juggernaut that can’t be stopped? I think not. Though I believe the stats, I really believe this is an anomaly and I see issues ahead for youth baseball participation in the United States and keeping players involved. The biggest issue I see is that baseball practices are way too long for young kids with a very limited concentration span with coaches not doing their best to keep players engaged throughout their 2-2 1/2 hour practices.
Memories of my 25 years coaching youth baseball were brought back to me when I first got involved. And though I don’t claim to have discovered the magic bullet for youth baseball participation I know one aspect of the game that if improved, will help immensely. Going back to the late 70's an old college professor of mine was fond of saying, "Don't confuse activity with accomplishment." Jump forward about eight years and imagine me observing a coach running practice for his Little League team. At the start of practice most of the 10, 11, and 12 year olds are very enthusiastic. As the practice progresses I notice only two forms of activity taking place. One has the head coach throwing batting practice, with each hitter getting 10 to 15 swings while each pitcher takes a turn throwing to the assistant coach as the others stand and watch. I, too, stand and watch and I don't know who is more bored–the players or me. When I saw a member of the board of directors, I commented on how poorly I thought the practice had been run. The board member responded, "If you think you can do a better job, then volunteer to coach." (Me and my big mouth!) But I did just that. And my first practice, though planned differently, ended up being two tedious hours of batting practice and pitchers throwing on the sidelines. Exactly what I had been so critical of myself! After that first practice I told my wife that there must be a better way. Even though I had a master's degree in Physical Education from Arizona State University, baseball was the major sport I was least knowledgeable about. So, I decided to research alternative practice methods. I observed a variety of teams during practice ranging from seven year olds to college level players. I noticed that the best practices were not necessarily the longest and that the most organized coaches wasted little time. On most of the drills every player was involved. It was amazing the way some coaches integrated fun and learning and how creative some of the drills and games were. I began to use some of these techniques with my team. After a little trial and error I was actually able to run a more effective practice in half the time.
To run a practice like this does take preparation, mostly at the beginning of the season. But coaches need not look at this as a chore. It can be as much fun for you as it is for the players. The youth baseball coach, whether it's Babe Ruth League, Little League, or local Park and Recreation Dept., should make a list of drills at the beginning of the year that they are interested in trying. The idea is to be creative. When my oldest son was eight, I began a practice with a simple relay race, consisting of two lines of six players each. To put a baseball theme into the race, I had each player wear their glove and hold two baseballs in it. The learning benefit of this relay race was to teach kids the importance of squeezing the glove. Another year I was teaching players how to bunt. When the team took batting practice, I put one cone 10 feet directly in front of home plate and another cone 10 feet to the left of the plate. Each player gets two bunts before his regular swings. For each bunt that goes between the cones, the player earns two extra swings. This motivated the players to focus when they bunted. And, it worked! If a coach plans five to seven drills of ten to twelve minutes in length for each practice, the players will be more attentive and less bored. Don't worry about players not liking certain drills. About a third through the season they will let you know which ones to weed out. I created other drills and eventually made a video out of it, The 59 Minute Baseball Practice. I did it mainly to share my ideas and incredibly it became somewhat popular and was even required viewing for some leagues.
The youth baseball season is unlike any other season. Fathers sneak out of work early, families rarely eat dinner before 8:30 at night and the laundry room is active day and night. As parents and coaches, we should make practices more interesting and fun because during a typical youth baseball season, players spend as much or more time practicing than in actual games. Be creative and have a great baseball season!
Marty Schupak has coached youth sports for 25 years. He has written 11 books and produced 26 sports instructional videos. His is the founder of T-Ball America.
The 59 Minute Baseball Practice (vid)
This video is free at your local library thru Hoopla & Kanopy
44 Baseball Mistakes & Corrections (bk)
44 Baseball Mistakes & Corrections (video)
Baseball Coaching: A Guide for the Youth Coach & Parent
Infield Team Play & Strategies
Baseball Chronicles: Articles On Youth Coaching
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